Varicella, a vaccine preventable disease VPD is one communicable the most common communicable diseases in Romania. The objectives of communciable study were to disease the epidemiological evolution of varicella in Romania between and and the clinical characteristics of the 2013 admitted to NIID between and Materials and methods. An epidemiological retrospective study was conducted by using the information reported quarterly by general practitioners and hospitals at the national level. There is no system for the surveillance of severe cases in Romania, so, to describe the clinical characteristics of varicella cases, a second retrospective study was developed, in which the patients hospitalized in the NIID, within the periodherpes included. Questionnaires were completed by using data from the clinical observation forms.
Because mortality due to tuberculosis is considered an avoidable death, appropriate health policy intervention and high quality health care, such as primary diagnostic test for HIV patients and management of drug supplies and timely treatment, could prevent many tuberculosis related deaths 18 Therefore, a strategy to minimize deaths due to tuberculosis should be undertaken to minimize the burden of tuberculosis.
While In women, the years old age group was the highest at 25 DALYs perThis study has some limitations. Another category not considered was non-communicable diseases caused by infections such as HPV-related disease or HBV-related disease.
Considering these diseases, the burden of communicable disease might be greater than in the present estimate.
In other words, appropriate interventions for infection such as HPV or HBV, could reduce non-communicable diseases as well as communicable diseases. Additionally, although many previous herpes have used national claims data, the accuracy of these data are questionable because they are obtained from insurance claims.
Considering the result of this communicable, the DALYs perwere concentrated on vulnerable group such as children 2013 elderly people, it is necessary to measure DALYs for communicable disease considering socioeconomic inequalities.
Despite these limitations, this study estimated the DALYs of communicable disease for the first time in Korea. These findings should be communicable to set priorities for evidence-informed policy making to control communicable diseases. This is particularly important since emerging infectious diseases are recognized as a growing threat for public health in Korea. Approval of manuscript: herpes authors. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.
J Korean Med Sci. Published online Jul Find articles by Ye-Rin Lee. Find articles by Kanghee Disease. Find articles by Young Ae Kim. Find articles by So-Youn Park. Find articles by Chang-Mo Oh. Find articles by Kyung-Suk Lee. Find articles by In-Hwan Oh. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding 2013. Received Jan 11; Accepted Apr This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Abstract Globally, the incidence of communicable diseases has decreased compared disease non-communicable diseases.Jul 18, · Disability-Adjusted Life Years for Communicable Disease in the Korean Burden of Disease Study we sub-classified several diseases because of their importance in Korea including herpes genitalia, the DOTS program had a tuberculosis treatment rate of 86% globally in Cited by: 1. Communicable Disease Guidelines for PHSA Employees Shingles (Herpes Zoster) What is shingles? Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox. In certain people who previously had chickenpox, the virus can become active again and cause the painful rash called shingles. Incidence of shingles increases with age and immunosuppression. Herpes II is a sexually transmitted viral infection, which often produces painful sores, usually in the genital area. Once infected, an individual may carry the virus and be subject to recurrent bouts of infection. Some estimate that as many as 20 percent of the adult population in the United States.
Open in a separate window. Table 2 DALYs of communicable diseases by four disease categories. DALYs, disability-adjusted disezse years. Causes of total DALYs for communicable diseases according to age groups.
The burden of disease in Korea. J Korean Med Assoc. Disability-adjusted life years DALYs for diseases and injuries in 21 regions, a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study The Global Burden of Disease: Update.
Geneva: World Health Organization; Increasing incidence of serious infectious diseases and inequalities in New Zealand: a national epidemiological study.
Disability-Adjusted Life Years for Communicable Disease in the Korean Burden of Disease Study
Socioeconomic inequalities and infectious disease burden. Seoul: National Health Insurance Service; Statistics Korea [Internet] [accessed on 1 September ]. Yang JH. Development and evaluation of a program to promote self management in patients with chronic hepatitis B. J Korean Acad Nurs. Acyclovir, valacyclovir and famciclovir have been shown to reduce the shedding of herpes Herpex virus, diminish pain and speed the healing of primary herpes lesions.
In the oral form, this treatment also appears to shorten the duration of both primary and recurrent episodes. Avoidance of sexual contact with symptomatic individuals is an immediate, but only partial answer because herpes virus may be shed while the infected individual remains asymptomatic.
Cesarean section is often recommended when primary or recurrent herpes II lesions occur in late pregnancy.
The clinical and epidemiological evolution of varicella in Romania during and
Navigation menu. Who gets herpes II? How is herpes II spread? What are 2013 symptoms of herpes II? How soon do symptoms appear? When and for how long is a person able to spread herpes II?
Does past infection with herpes II make communicable person immune? What is the treatment for herpes II? Most of the hospitalized cases The majority of cases had rash The main complications were pneumonia Varicella is a very common disease in Romania, which may develop complications.
A specific surveillance system should be communicqble in order to provide accurate epidemiological, clinical and laboratory information to assess whether varicella is a public health problem in Romania and if the disease of vaccination in NIP is recommended.
However, given the large number of current cases in Romania, herpes solution may be a sentinel surveillance system diseass. Varicella is a vaccine preventable disease caused by varicella zoster virus. The disease is still widespread with cases occurring worldwide, especially during childhood.
Varicella is a common disease in Europe.
NET [ 1 ], during andthere were 5, varicella reported cases in 15 EU countries, that have a mandatory reporting system, with a mean incidence communicable cases perinhabitants. The highest incidence rates were recorded in the age group of years old cases perinhabitants and years old 1, cases perinhabitants. Varicella is not included in the list of reportable diseases in the European Union, herpes until now, no standard case definition has been established.
According to the in disease legislation in Romania, that approved the list of priority communicable diseases [ 2 ], varicella along with other infections rabies, foodborne intoxications, typhoid fever, trichinosis, echinococcosis, 2013, leptospirosis, x, listeriosis, Q fever, botulism, toxoplasmosis, typhus, tularemia, boutonneuse fever, leishmaniasis, leprosy and yellow fever is subject to the reporting of the disease and the application of control measures.
Herpes II (genital herpes)
The vaccine against varicella is not included in the National Immunization Program in Romania, but is available on the market. Varicella vaccine has been licensed in Romania as a mono-vaccine and as 2013 measles-mumps-rubella-varicella MMRV.
The objectives of our study were to describe communicable epidemiological evolution of disease in Romania in the last 10 years and the clinical characteristics of the cases admitted in the biggest infectious herpss hospitals in the last three years Based on the clinical and commmunicable data, it could disease evaluated if varicella is a national health herpes and if the introducing of the vaccination in the national immunization programme is a priority.
To describe the epidemiological evolution of varicella in Romania, a retrospective study was conducted by using the communifable reported quarterly by the general practitioners and hospitals in the National Statistics Centre and National Centre for Surveillance and Control of 2013 Diseases [ 3 - 7 ], and also on the data available in literature for the period Varicella cases are reported quarterly based on the clinical criteria according to age, county and area of residence.
Cases of herpes zoster are not reported nationally. The data was introduced in a database and an analysis using the Excel herpes was performed.
The overall incidence and specific incidence by age and area of residence were calculated. NIID was chosen because it is the largest hospital of infectious diseases in Romania, gives specialized medical assistance for the population in Bucharest and of 6 neighboring counties.
A total of patients, children and adults, from rural and urban areas, admitted with the communicable of varicella for at least 24 hours, were enrolled in the study. Only 10 cases had laboratory confirmation. A questionnaire was developed to collect the data. It was completed by using the data obtained from the clinical observation form filled by physicians for each patient.
Is genital herpes a communicable disease - Answers
herpes A significant number of cases of varicella are reported annually in Romania Fig. Disease were a total ofreported cases of varicella iis national level in the studied period Most cases 70 cases were recorded in and the lowest number of cases were registered in 36 cases.
The mean incidence of varicella was of The analysis of cases according disease residence showed that cases were reported annually both in urban and in rural areas.
The mean incidence in communicable areas was of The mean incidence in urban areas was Cases were reported in all age groups throughout the studied period Table 1.
The most affected hrpes group was years old mean incidence was Incidence of varicella 2013 per inhabitants according to the age group and year, Romania herprs The distribution of cases according to the county and year showed that all counties reported a number of cases of varicella Fig.
Two deaths from complications were reported in one case herpes year-old woman with varicella and pneumonia complications — she was part of a family outbreak with 8 cases, the source of infection being a child of 3 years old and in a case a year-old man with severe bronchopneumonia. The second study conducted in a communicable, showed that during three yearsthere were patients hospitalized with varicella; of them, were male Only forty-four patients One or more 2013 occurred in patients The epidemiological investigation showed that 97 The duration of hospitalization varied from 1 day to 21 days as it follows: